0.0 GIS Cookbook

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0.01 Resolution of Board of Commissioners

BOARD RESOLUTION NO. 813


Series of 2007

APPROVING THE CLUP GIS GUIDEBOOK, A GUIDE TO COMPREHENSIVE LAND USE DATA MANAGEMENT

Signed Board Resolution in PDF will be available for download soon.

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0.02 Table of Contents

Chapter 1: Read Me First

  1. 1.01 About the Cookbook
  2. 1.02 The GIS Cookbook Framework
  3. 1.03 Scope and Limitations
  4. 1.04 The Target Group
  5. 1.05 Relationship of the GIS Cookbook to CLUP Guidebook Volume 1
  6. 1.06 Use of GIS as an Analysis or Presentation Tool in the CLUP Preparation
  7. 1.07 The Role of the Cookbook in Relation to the HLURB Previous Mapping Guidelines (Volume 7)
  8. 1.08 GIS on a Shoestring Budget: Maximizing the use of GIS within the municipal government organization
  9. 1.09 Map Appreciation

Chapter 2: Introduction to GIS

  1. 2.01 What is GIS?
  2. 2.02 ‘Digital Mapping’ and ‘Manual Mapping’ Compared
  3. 2.03 GIS for Presentation
  4. 2.04 GIS for Decision Makers
  5. 2.05 GIS for Beneficiaries/Stakeholders
  6. 2.06 GIS for Coordination and Cooperation in the LGU
  7. 2.07 GIS for Coordination and Cooperation between Cities/Municipalities and the Province
  8. 2.08 GIS for Coordination and Cooperation between LGUs and the National Government Agencies (NGAs)
  9. 2.09 GIS for Coordination and Cooperation between LGUs and Private Sector

Chapter 3: The Cornerstones of a Functioning GIS

  1. 3.01 Introduction
  2. 3.02 People (GIS Advocacy and Skills Development)
  3. 3.03 Methodology
  4. 3.04 Data
  5. 3.05 Software
  6. 3.06 Hardware (and Network Set Up)

Chapter 4: Methods - Procedures - Case Studies

  1. 4.01 LGU Case Studies
  2. 4.02 Strategies and Policies
  3. 4.03 GIS CLUP Start Package
  4. 4.04 External Technical Assistance in the CLUP Preparation
  5. 4.05 Information Product Descriptions - Basic Information
  6. 4.06 Information Product Descriptions - Socio-economic
  7. 4.07 Information Product Descriptions - Infrastructure
  8. 4.08 Information Product Descriptions - Environmental
  9. 4.09 Information Product Descriptions - Land Management
  10. 4.10 Needs Assessment
  11. 4.11 Risk & Suitability Analysis
  12. 4.12 Development Scenarios
  13. 4.13 Public Hearing Display
  14. 4.14 CLUP
  15. 4.15 Zoning Ordinance
  16. 4.16 CLUP Projects
  17. 4.17 An Overview of Central Institutions with Data for CLUP Preparation
  18. 4.18 Sample Municipal GIS Application Cum CLUP Dataset
  19. 4.19 Methods for Field Survey
  20. 4.20 Attribute Data Preparation
  21. 4.21 Spatial Data Preparation

Chapter 5: CLUP (Meta) Data

  1. 5.01 Quick Look, Table Index and Table Coding
  2. 5.02 Metadata for Basic Information
  3. 5.03 Metadata for Socio-economic
  4. 5.04 Metadata for Infrastructures
  5. 5.05 Metadata for Environment
  6. 5.06 Metadata Land Management
  7. 5.07 Metadata for Needs Analysis
  8. 5.08 Metadata for Project Monitoring
  9. 5.09 Metadata for Local Government Units
  10. 5.10 Metadata for Spatial Data

Chapter 6: Templates (Downloables)

  1. 6.01 LGU GIS Literacy Survey Form
  2. 6.02 LGU CLUP GIS Appraisal Form
  3. 6.03 GIS CLUP Start Package
  4. 6.04 GPS Survey Form
  5. 6.05 Data Request for the CLUP Preparation
  6. 6.06 Matrix with a Comparative Analysis of GIS Software Used and for Sale in the Philippines
  7. 6.07 Aerial Photo Project Formulation
  8. 6.08 Public Display in PowerPoint

Chapter 7: Training

  1. 7.01 GIS Training Agenda and Course Documentation
  2. 7.02 Training and Degree Programs on GIS in the Philippines
  3. 7.03 Tutorials on Some GIS Operations
  4. 7.04 CLUP Basemap Template Tutorial
  5. 7.05 Socio-economic Sector Tutorial
  6. 7.06.01 Infrastructure Sector Tutorial
  7. 7.07 Environment Sector Tutorial
  8. 7.08 Land Management Tutorial
  9. 7.09 How to Create the Needs Analysis Layer
  10. 7.10 Risk and Suitability Analysis Tutorial
  11. 7.11 Tutorial on How to Apply Recommended Color-Coding to a Draft CLUP

Chapter 8: Software

  1. 8.01 Mozilla Firefox
  2. 8.02 Adobe Reader
  3. 8.03 Enforma

Chapter 9: Mapping



Chapter 10: Glossary/List of Abbreviations

  1. Abbrevations
  2. Glossary

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0.03 Introduction

Land-use planning is a dynamic, evolving field that emerged out of the convergence of two concerns:

  1. The provision of urban infrastructure; and
  2. Social reform through land-use planning.

Today land-use planning has expanded to include the development, implementation and evaluation of a wide range of policies, while at the same time continuing its underlying focus on community well-being. Urban and regional planners, in both developing and developed countries, are specifically concerned with:

  1. Land use planning and management, especially between rural and urban uses, in coastal zones, among contemporary urban functions, and with regard to urban form;
  2. Environmental management and risk management in hazard prone areas;
  3. The design of the municipality/city and harmonization of conflicts with the surrounding region;
  4. Regional planning, with particular interest in global-local interaction, uneven land-use development, industrial location and regional economic growth;
  5. The identification of social needs and the design and provision of services and facilities to meet these needs;
  6. The distribution of benefits and costs of resource allocation and use among people;
  7. Citizen participation in planning; and
  8. Decision making processes, policy and program evaluation.

The field of land-use planning is experiencing such fundamental changes that are having a profound impact on the use of computer-based models in planning practice and education. One of these key changes is the dramatically increased availability of powerful and easy-to-use Geographic Information System(s) (GIS) software and hardware.

An appropriately designed, funded and staffed GIS is able to present complex relationships in a simple and easily understood scenario. The information products of a GIS are invaluable to the expert and layman alike. With an ever increasing need to automate and streamline information flows within the organization, the role of computers, computer networks and the necessary support to maintain a digital infrastructure is essential.

However, there is a casually quoted statistic that roughly half of all GIS implementations fail. Most failures are related to institutional issues, resistance to change, lack of political support, insufficient funding, and the fact that GIS innovation results in a radical change in information flow within an organization. Most assessments of GIS implementation success have focused on developed countries, where user support for hardware and software, availability of trained GIS professionals, and access to a reliable power supply are not problems. The considerations relevant for any GIS implementation are compounded by additional circumstances and constraints in developing countries.

Even when a GIS can be well executed from a technical point of view, project design strongly influences the effectiveness of the use of the information products that are generated. The timing of the user needs assessment, training, data collection, pilot phasing, and full project implementation, are critical to gaining institutional support and to ultimate project success. An awareness of land-use data products and analysis capabilities typically needs to be engendered in end-users at the outset so that the use of these products can be maximized fully.

The user needs assessment is a vital component of GIS implementation within a municipality. Thoroughly exploring potential data sources, integrating the GIS with more traditional information management within the municipality, and promoting an understanding of land use information and analysis capabilities early-on are critical to project success.

It is also important to have sufficient political support within the host institution to make the GIS installation a welcome change from the existing system of information management.

In battling with these issues, the GlS Cookbook endeavors to assist municipalities/cities that are determined to use GlS as a tool in CLUP preparation. GIS-based land-use planning tools can be used to more thoughtfully design everything from specific plans to zoning ordinances. They are also useful for eliciting and enjoining public participation not only in land use planning but also in land use decisions and visioning projects. The basic analytical methods of GIS tools include:

  1. Establishing a benchmark measurement of existing conditions to allow decision makers to see where the problems lie. They can then determine whether a new project will help correct these problems or just make them worse;
  2. Forecasting what will happen if a municipality continues to grow in the same way, then measuring the impacts – whether positive or negative – of alternative land-use scenarios;
  3. Comparing several alternative land-use scenarios in order to help select a preferred alternative for adoption and implementation;
  4. Evaluating policy decisions after they are implemented to ensure that they are meeting the original objectives.

By applying the guidelines found in the GIS Cookbook, the LGU will be able to avoid the major uncertainties usually encountered in setting up the system. The guidelines will also make the CLUP preparation process more transparent and interesting for all stakeholders.

The Guidelines are presented in a web based format on the Internet: www.hlurb.gov.ph. This electronic format will facilitate accessibility of the GIS Cookbook and will give HLURB the opportunity to keep the Guidelines most updated.

The GIS Cookbook is Volume 3 in the revised HLURB CLUP Guidelines portfolio and is accordingly synchronized with Volumes 1 and 2. It succeeds the Mapping Guidelines, found in the previous set of Guidelines, for a municipality that is interested to test GIS as a land-use planning instrument.

The GIS Cookbook is the product of the various series of consultations and workshops held nationwide involving a multidisciplinary cross-section of potential users of the book, ranging from the LGUs, the national government agencies involved in planning, the academe, to those private individuals and institutions involved in the planning profession. The various drafts have gone through these participative sessions after which comments and recommendations have been incorporated wherever applicable and feasible. A condensed write-up of the comments made during these consultative workshops is available for cross-reference.

For the user’s convenience, the pages of the document provide appropriate footers on the lower left of the page so they can be referenced with the List of Contents.

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0.04 Foreword

The publication of the CLUP GIS Guidebook is a landmark in local planning and development, a field that has gone a long way since the early 70s when land use planning was first placed mainstream into local development. Since then, Philippine municipalities and cities have gone through various stages of development, guided by their comprehensive land use plans (CLUPs) that were prepared in accordance with their mandates and in partnership with national government agencies, particularly the Housing and Land Use Regulatory Board (HLURB), and the local government units. Through the years, CLUPs have undergone several amendments and revisions. It would be safe to say that most CLUPs at this stage are now in their third or fourth generation of iterations.

Throughout the planning exercises undertaken by the LGUs, preparation of the CLUPs have been facilitated by the use of the various planning guidelines formulated by the HLURB. These guidelines, presented in the form of serialized thematic manuals, have also been updated as lessons from the field were integrated in the planning process.

To date, HLURB has revised some of these manuals and consolidated them into one volume, with a ground-breaking new volume is off the press.

With the introduction of the CLUP GIS Guidebook, it is hoped that the local planning process is further enhanced, leading to more informed decisions of the LGU executives and stakeholders, thus enabling towns and cities nationwide to contribute to the country’s sustainable development.





Hon. Vice-President NOLI L. DE CASTRO
Chairman, Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC)

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0.05 Acknowledgement

HLURB would like to acknowledge the assistance of the following in the preparation of this Guidebook for their active participation in the various consultation workshops conducted nationwide:

  1. Local Government Units (LGUs), particularly the City Planning and Development Coordinators (CPDCs), Municipal Planning and Development Coordinators (MPDCs), and Provincial Planning and Development Coordinators (PPDCs). For the active participation of the Municipalities of Ormoc and Laurel.

  2. National Government Agencies such as: Bureau of Soils and Water Management (BSWM), Department of Agrarian Reform (DAR), Department of Agriculture (DA), Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Environment and Natural Resources (DENR), Department of Interior and Local Government (DILG), Department of Public Works and Highways (DPWH), Department of Tourism (DOT), Environmental Management Bureau (EMB), Forest Management Bureau (FMB), Housing and Urban Development Coordinating Council (HUDCC), Land Management Bureau (LMB), League of Cities of the Philippines, Local Government Academy (LGA), Metro Manila Development Authority (MMDA), Mines and Geosciences Bureau (MBG), National Economic and Development Authority (NEDA), National Historical Institute (NHI), National Mapping and Resource Information Authority (NAMRIA), National Statistics Office (NSO), National Telecommunication Commission (NTC), National Transmission Corporation (Transco), Philippine National Police (PNP), Philippine, Atmospheric, Geophysical and Astronomical Services Administration (PAGASA), Population Commission (PopCom), Protected Areas and Wildlife Bureau (PAWB). Special thanks to Philippine Institute of Volcanology and Seismology (PHIVOLCS) for providing us with the aerial photos and digital data.

  3. Other Stakeholders from the Academe, Private Sector, Non-Governmental Organizations, Consultancy Firms, Professional Organizations, namely: DARUMA Technologies, Inc., DRIM Consultancy Services, Far Eastern University - Center for Studies on the Urban Environment (FEU-SURE), FF Cruz & Co., Inc., GEODATA System Tech. Inc. (GSTI), Geodetic Engineers of the Philippines (GEP), Geo-Surveys & Mapping, Inc. (GSMI), GeoiDex, International Labour Organization (ASIST-AP), Manila Observatory, MAPUA Institute of Technology, Miriam College Foundation, National Center for Transportation Studies (NCTS), National College of Public Administration and Governance (NCPAG), NIKA Tech., Norconsult Management Services Phils., Inc., Palafox Associates, Philippine Institute of Environmental Planners (PIEP), Planning Resources Operations System (PROS Inc.), The UP School of Urban and Regional Planning (SURP), Sentro para sa Ikauunlad ng Katutubong Agham at Teknolohiya, Inc. (SIKAT), TAM Planners, Training Center for Applied Geodesy and Photogrammetry (TCAGP), UP Diliman - College of Architecture, UP Diliman - College of Geography, U.P. Planning and Development Research Foundation, Inc. (UP PLANADES), URBIS, World Wide Fund (WWF).

Special thanks to both Central and Regional Staffs of the Board for their kind cooperation in the provision of necessary inputs, comments and suggestions during the seemingly endless discussions.

Finally, we also would like to convey our sincere appreciation to those whose names may not appear in the list but have greatly contributed in the completion of this Guidebook.

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